Sunday, August 4, 2013
Pseudo Science delusive practices.
Pseudo-science is any belief system or methodology which tries to gain legitimacy by wearing the trappings of science, but fails to abide by the methodology and standards of evidence that characterize real science. Pseudo scientists repeatedly assume the vocabulary of science, providing supposed evidence from observation, subjective testimonials and faked experiments.
Pseudo scientists show a total lack of interest in any form of replication or outside verification. When reliable evidences are required, they will attack the opponent and even insult him/her. These personal attacks are irrelevant to the argument in discussion, and this is what the pseudo scientists want: to kill the demands of evidences he/she doesn’t have. We see the ad hominem logical fallacy at work.
The self proclaimed experts in “alternative sciences” do not allow the logical possibility that they can be shown to be false by observation or physical experiment.
Fakers put themselves above any discussion. Their arguments are dogmatic as religious revelations.
If this doesn’t work, the pseudo-scientist will appeal to conspiracy theories that presumably deny the “truth” he/she represents.
Some proponents of ideas that contradict accepted scientific theories avoid subjecting their thoughts to peer review, sometimes on the grounds that peer review is biased towards established paradigms, and sometimes on the grounds that assertions cannot be evaluated adequately using standard scientific methods. By remaining insulated from the peer review process, these proponents decline the opportunity of corrective feedback from informed colleagues.
Because of this, pseudo scientists will try always to reach the public and never the scientific institutions. This practice is called “science by press conference”.
Besides, in attempting to confirm their beliefs, the pretender tends to identify their critics as enemies. The scientific community-he says-conspires to suppress their “true knowledge”.
Last but not least, pseudo scientists will try to give some legitimacy to their fantasies quoting anonymous scientific sources. Also these individuals appeal to inappropriate authority, which occurs when an inference relies upon a person or a group without relevant expertise or knowledge of the subject matter under discussion.
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